1. Dissecting Pakistan’s Problem with Discrimination
  2. Preparing Tweets As Important As Preparing Guns
  3. Using Cricket to Heighten Hate
  4. The Art of Perception Management
  5. India’s Toxic Nationalism with a Runaway Media
  6. India’s Unhinged Media
  7. Khalid Zahid: Transforming Saudi Art
  8. Now Walk the Talk, Imran
  9. Violence against Minorities
  10. Unsheltered
  11. Lumbering Giant with a Midget’s Mentality
  12. How to Encourage Terrorism
  13. Faisalabad in 2028
  14. Mental Illness & the Progress of a Nation
  15. Child Sexual Abuse
  16. Living amongst the clouds : Aalia Bux
  17. Mental health – What soldiers can teach us
  18. Many Cookies still to Crumble
  19. Steering Through Turbulence
  20. ExxonMobil – Close to hitting huge oil reserves in Pakistan, bigger than Kuwait’s
  21. NAYA PAKISTAN?
  22. Making ADR work for Women
  23. Women’s Rights under Family Law
  24. Shutting the Door on Refugees
  25. Water Challenges and Opportunities
  26. In Conversation with Dr. Ghulam Rasul on Hydrology
  27. In Conversation with Shafqat kakakhel: Internal Water Management Practices
  28. Come on Skipper !
  29. GUMM
  30. Annus Horibilis
  31. The Inhumanity of Pakistan’s Coal Industry
  32. Iran Nuclear Deal The U.S Withdrawal
  33. Method in the Madness
  34. Legal System Reforms
  35. Power Over Impulse
  36. Refugees and Migrants are People too
  37. PTCL – A Nonstop Journey Towards Excellence
  38. Gulgee – The Last of The Greats
  39. Patrik Hoffmann – Sonraj
  40. Pakistan’s Primordial Hindu Heritage
  41. Pakistan’s Migrant Tragedy
  42. PTCL – Fastest Growing Brand in Pakistan
  43. Keep Pakistan’s Wagon Hitched To The China Star
  44. Anique’s Chocolate Cake
  45. Selfless & Fearless – Lahore Qalandars
  46. NEWS PICKS
  47. Intellectual Property and Tourism
  48. Fitness with the Mughal
  49. REBEL WITH A CAUSE
  50. The Big Fat Lie – Cholesterol (Part-1)
  51. Mummy’s Recipes Roast Chicken & Veg
  52. ENGAGING HEADS HEARTS AND HANDS
  53. The Big Fat Lie – Cholesterol (Part-2)
  54. Q & A with Star of Parchi
  55. Addressing Sexual Abuse
  56. Q & A with EMAN ZAEEM & MEHR SAAD
  57. Pakistan’s Lost Children
  58. ENGLAND AND THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  59. STICK WITH FRIENDS AND DITCH THE ENEMIES
  60. The Phenomenon that Stephen Hawking was!
  61. In Conversation with ANUSHAY ZEESHAN
  62. Q & A with owner of District 6 – Anum Rafat
  63. Ali Rehman Khan – Naturally A Star
  64. MUNIBA`S Call for Tolerance & Justice
  65. Q&A Muniba Mazari
  66. Health Quotient (Dental health)
  67. Money for nothing, bits for free
  68. FinTech
  69. TRADING THREATS OF WAR
  70. Crisis of Civilization
  71. Child Sexual Abuse
  72. Education is the only Solution
  73. Fit for Purpose
  74. BLUE CHIP TALKS TO THE CREATOR OF TEETOO AND TANIA
  75. Mini meringue recipe
  76. NEW ANIMATED TV SERIES PAKISTANI
  77. Changing the Perception of Public Transport Motorway Express
  78. AUSTENISTAN DEBUTS WITH ELEGANCE AND ENTHUSIASM
  79. PAKISTAN’S WOMEN OF 2017
  80. THE BEAUTY IN BUSINESS
  81. PERCEPTIONS ARE ALSO REALITY
  82. Blue Chip Q/A with Atiqa Odho
  83. Five major political events of 2017
  84. WHAT DOES TRUMP’S TWEET MEAN FOR CPEC AND THE REGION
  85. THE GLOBAL ECONOMY IN 2017
  86. AFGHANISTAN GOING DOWNHILL
  87. 2017 FOR PSX – THE CLIMB AND THE DECLINE
  88. What we can learn from Ghalib
  89. QUINOA SALAD WITH THAI DRESSING
Mon, Jun 24, 2019
  1. Dissecting Pakistan’s Problem with Discrimination
  2. Preparing Tweets As Important As Preparing Guns
  3. Using Cricket to Heighten Hate
  4. The Art of Perception Management
  5. India’s Toxic Nationalism with a Runaway Media
  6. India’s Unhinged Media
  7. Khalid Zahid: Transforming Saudi Art
  8. Now Walk the Talk, Imran
  9. Violence against Minorities
  10. Unsheltered
  11. Lumbering Giant with a Midget’s Mentality
  12. How to Encourage Terrorism
  13. Faisalabad in 2028
  14. Mental Illness & the Progress of a Nation
  15. Child Sexual Abuse
  16. Living amongst the clouds : Aalia Bux
  17. Mental health – What soldiers can teach us
  18. Many Cookies still to Crumble
  19. Steering Through Turbulence
  20. ExxonMobil – Close to hitting huge oil reserves in Pakistan, bigger than Kuwait’s
  21. NAYA PAKISTAN?
  22. Making ADR work for Women
  23. Women’s Rights under Family Law
  24. Shutting the Door on Refugees
  25. Water Challenges and Opportunities
  26. In Conversation with Dr. Ghulam Rasul on Hydrology
  27. In Conversation with Shafqat kakakhel: Internal Water Management Practices
  28. Come on Skipper !
  29. GUMM
  30. Annus Horibilis
  31. The Inhumanity of Pakistan’s Coal Industry
  32. Iran Nuclear Deal The U.S Withdrawal
  33. Method in the Madness
  34. Legal System Reforms
  35. Power Over Impulse
  36. Refugees and Migrants are People too
  37. PTCL – A Nonstop Journey Towards Excellence
  38. Gulgee – The Last of The Greats
  39. Patrik Hoffmann – Sonraj
  40. Pakistan’s Primordial Hindu Heritage
  41. Pakistan’s Migrant Tragedy
  42. PTCL – Fastest Growing Brand in Pakistan
  43. Keep Pakistan’s Wagon Hitched To The China Star
  44. Anique’s Chocolate Cake
  45. Selfless & Fearless – Lahore Qalandars
  46. NEWS PICKS
  47. Intellectual Property and Tourism
  48. Fitness with the Mughal
  49. REBEL WITH A CAUSE
  50. The Big Fat Lie – Cholesterol (Part-1)
  51. Mummy’s Recipes Roast Chicken & Veg
  52. ENGAGING HEADS HEARTS AND HANDS
  53. The Big Fat Lie – Cholesterol (Part-2)
  54. Q & A with Star of Parchi
  55. Addressing Sexual Abuse
  56. Q & A with EMAN ZAEEM & MEHR SAAD
  57. Pakistan’s Lost Children
  58. ENGLAND AND THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  59. STICK WITH FRIENDS AND DITCH THE ENEMIES
  60. The Phenomenon that Stephen Hawking was!
  61. In Conversation with ANUSHAY ZEESHAN
  62. Q & A with owner of District 6 – Anum Rafat
  63. Ali Rehman Khan – Naturally A Star
  64. MUNIBA`S Call for Tolerance & Justice
  65. Q&A Muniba Mazari
  66. Health Quotient (Dental health)
  67. Money for nothing, bits for free
  68. FinTech
  69. TRADING THREATS OF WAR
  70. Crisis of Civilization
  71. Child Sexual Abuse
  72. Education is the only Solution
  73. Fit for Purpose
  74. BLUE CHIP TALKS TO THE CREATOR OF TEETOO AND TANIA
  75. Mini meringue recipe
  76. NEW ANIMATED TV SERIES PAKISTANI
  77. Changing the Perception of Public Transport Motorway Express
  78. AUSTENISTAN DEBUTS WITH ELEGANCE AND ENTHUSIASM
  79. PAKISTAN’S WOMEN OF 2017
  80. THE BEAUTY IN BUSINESS
  81. PERCEPTIONS ARE ALSO REALITY
  82. Blue Chip Q/A with Atiqa Odho
  83. Five major political events of 2017
  84. WHAT DOES TRUMP’S TWEET MEAN FOR CPEC AND THE REGION
  85. THE GLOBAL ECONOMY IN 2017
  86. AFGHANISTAN GOING DOWNHILL
  87. 2017 FOR PSX – THE CLIMB AND THE DECLINE
  88. What we can learn from Ghalib
  89. QUINOA SALAD WITH THAI DRESSING

During an apprenticeship with a family law specialist, I encountered numerous married women, seeking divorce, most of them having heart-wrenching stories. It was at this time that I realised the importance of legal awareness about the right to divorce, entitlements, maintenance and avenues for legal redress and more broadly, the importance of girls’ education, empowerment and rights, as these have far reaching implications.

A Nikahnama is a legally binding civil contract that lays out rights and obligations agreed upon by both parties. It plays a pivotal role in upholding the rights of women after marriage. However, seldom do we treat this agreement with the importance and vigilance that it deserves. Most brides simply sign their names without so much as reading it first and most families remain oblivious to the implications it holds for the future. There is a dire need to spread awareness about the clauses that exist within this document.

Muslim law knows various forms of dissolution of marriage. Talaq refers to the husband’s unilateral right to terminate the marital tie. The common perception is that Islam does not allow women the right to divorce. However, Section 18 of the Nikahnama allows the wife the right to divorce if she wishes to, known as the Talaq-e-Tafweez.

A woman will often seek a Khula which is not the same thing as divorce, it allows a woman to retain her rights over the dower amount, maintenance or alimony. However, Section 18 is rarely invoked and a woman’s right to divorce is simply dismissed, viewed as taboo and contrary to tradition.

The clause is often struck out by the individual solemnising the Nikah and sometimes by the bride’s own relatives.

Clause 13 pertains to dower or Mehr, which is a sum of money or other property which becomes payable by the husband to the wife as an effect of marriage. It may consist of anything that can be valued in money, is useful and ritually clean. Mehr can be classified into “prompt” or “deferred” dower. The former is payable immediately on marriage whereas the latter is payable on the dissolution of the marriage by death or divorce, or under specific circumstances. Mehr is wholly and solely the wife’s right and must be paid, even if she waives her right to receive it because under Islamic law, a pre-nuptial agreement releasing the husband from his obligation to provide the wife with dower is regarded as a void contract.

Clause 17 allows both parties to stipulate any special terms or conditions they deem necessary such as the right to work or study, allowance, progeny custody, alimony, pocket money, house work, divorce conditions and so on. It gives the parties complete freedom to tailor their marriage as per their wishes. Unfortunately, this section is often left unfilled.

The last of these crucial sections pertains to polygamy. Clauses 21-22 clearly articulate that the husband may only marry a second woman after getting permission from the first wife. The Pakistani law on Muslim polygamy was subjected to reform in the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance 1961. A man must obtain the permission of his local Union Council stating his reasons for seeking to marry another wife and whether or not the existing wife has consented. However, the provision seems to be futile, and totally ineffective. The restriction appears to be a formality whose violation carries almost no legal sanctions. There is a need for stricter laws with regard to husbands who violate this covenant of the law with impunity.

The Quran gives specific instructions in matters of inheritance, marriage, divorce, etc. There is no lack of laws regarding women’s right to divorce, but a lack of awareness and will to implement. There is a need to educate society so that women get legal protection under the law. In a country so charged with human suffering, there exists the need for people to stand in solidarity and fight for the marginalised communities.

By Leena Nishtar

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